World Health Organization has declared the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19) a worldwide problem and a state of emergency has been declared. There are currently no known methods for the prevention and treatment of the disease. Projections for overcoming the pandemic crisis range from 1 to 4 months or more. The spread of the virus can cause serious difficulties in the work of enterprises of all economic activities and worsen the economic performance of the country as a whole. Surely every employer will take measures to prevent the spread of the virus in his enterprise.
In this regard, we make the following recommendations to you:
1. Designate a crisis team (task force, headquarters) or officials (in small and medium-sized enterprises) to plan, organize and control coronavirus measures. Include employees’ representatives (eg from KUT).
2. Assess the risks to the business of the enterprise. Identify potential sources and possible outbreaks for the spread of the virus. Sources of risk may be: sick workers and employees, persons traveled to countries and regions with the spread of the virus, persons in contact with the sick, incl. family members and hearths are places for gathering large groups of people.
3. Identify the vulnerable groups of staff – persons with ECLS and proven respiratory diseases, cardiovascular and oncological diseases, pregnant women and persons over 60 years of age.
4. Distribute information materials and guidance on safe personnel behavior. Provide extraordinary coaching to employees, familiarizing them with the risks and measures to prevent infection (without gathering large groups of people).
5. Conduct online and conference activities such as general meetings, conferences, seminars, training, operatives, and the like.
6. Provide the necessary means of protection for workers (masks, gloves, spare workwear to wash used), separate storage of workwear and protective equipment, etc.
7. Identify activities that can be performed remotely, distribute work, and send home workers home. Introduce flexible working hours, shift modes and other forms, where possible, to reduce the number of people working in one room.
Use the power of labor law to create a work organization that does not allow the gathering of many people in one place in the enterprise, with a view to reducing direct contact between employees and between them and the clients of the employer.
Consider introducing homework and / or remote work where possible. If possible, regulate telework (from home).
8. Create the appropriate organization of work, including the introduction of variable working hours, the use of vacant workplaces, etc. When variable hours are introduced, designate fixed periods of time for employees to be in their workplaces. In this case it is possible to combine variable hours with remote and / or home work. This will, on the one hand, avoid the simultaneous presence of all workers in the work premises and, on the other hand, will not interrupt the daily connection with the employer in order to carry out the work effectively.
9. Join the work of labor in order to be used to comply with rigorous products, as a justification for issuing an order from the management of retention of employees, which must be respected by employees and employees for the purpose of prevention:
– Provision of adequate personal protective equipment to all employees and employees, regular disinfection of workplaces, regular disinfection of hands, wonderful use of the entire amount of reusable vessels;
– daily rigorous control of the establishment of a production plant and monitoring of the health status of employees;
– Enclosure of business trips and meetings, both within the company and with clients and suppliers. Use of scanning, use of other methods of checking the conference connection on the Internet.
10. Identify critical activities (must, procurement) that are organized and technological that cannot be splendid, or that should be relevant to an entity’s existing operations. Also, determine the minimum necessary personnel to serve the company in extreme conditions. Develop work options in reduced and much reduced composition.
11. If the premises are vacant, create new workplaces for employees in such a way as to limit the large number of employees to work in one room and to provide sufficient space to reduce contact between them. It is possible to limit direct contact between workers in one room by placing internal barriers.
12. Determine and ensure that the necessary organizational contacts (meetings, meetings, shift shifts, eating places, etc.) are limited. Define your meal plan if you maintain canteens and dining areas, with contact restriction measures and measures targeted at attendants, additional hygiene measures.
13. Determine special measures and requirements for outsiders (drivers, suppliers) along the entire route and for the duration of their stay at the company to limit and secure contacts. Identify appropriate measures for companies / outsiders working on a long-term basis throughout the enterprise and rules for secure communications between workers and outsiders.
14. Establish a procedure, define and furnish a separate room, in case of established cases of infected persons – a worker with symptoms (temperature above 37.3 C, dry cough and difficulty breathing), until the appearance of the health services, patients or with suspected disease. working time persons. Maintain a list of sick persons.
Make a plan for a positive test of such a worker, to have a common regime for informing the heads of the persons concerned, incl. in order to establish the circle of contact persons in the respective company promptly.
15. Determine the frequency of the Crisis team to assess the situation and verify the implementation of the action plan.
16. Monitor statements and materials and comply with the instructions and recommendations of the National Crisis Staff.
17. Prepare an action plan with specific measures, familiarize it with all workers and monitor its implementation. Use the services of occupational health doctors.
18. If it is not possible to organize the work in the above ways, consider allowing employees to take paid or unpaid leave, depending on the situation.